For this assignment you will write a 5-7 page (double spaced) literature review.You are going to write a small-scale or what is also called a selective literature review.I have the 6 sources and outline to use attached to this documentUse the 6 sources you cited in your annotated bibliography.Refer to the Purdue OWL website for an example:https://library.ithaca.edu/sp/assets/users/_lchabot/sample_apa_style_litreview.pdf(You may need to copy and paste the URL above into your web browser).Please follow this outline for your review:Introduction
define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern
point out overall trends in what has been published
establish your point of view—include your research question here
Body
group research studies and other relevant literature according to a common theme (for example, you may find prevailing theories in your research and can use those as sections, or categories, in the body)
summarize each item of the literature appropriately
compare and evaluate each item
provide topic sentences at the beginning of paragraph and summary sentences at the end of sections to help the reader understand what the main issues are
Conclusion
summarize the literature maintaining the focus presented in your introduction
evaluate the current state by pointing out gaps in the literature, inconsistences and issues that are important for future study
conclude by giving som insight into the relationship between your topic and a larger area of study or professional practice
Requirements:
Your literature review must be 5-7 pages in length (not including your References page), double-spaced, using Times New Roman 12 point font.

References should be listed on a separate piece of paper following the review, cited in APA format and alphabetized.

Use in-text (parenthetical) citations throughout the body of your literature review; use APA formatting for in-text citations.
If you have an early draft, consider contacting the Online Writing Community’s professional tutors for an “extra read.”
week_6_bibliography.pdf

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Week 6
Week 6 – Bibliography
NAME
October 13, 2018
UNIVERSITY
1
Week 6
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Week 6
Week 6 – Bibliography
My research question for this project entails the use of media and technology. I have
always been interested in the effects it can have on the body and mind. There have been a
lot of positive things technology has brought but also negative. My research question is “
Does social media affect people negatively”?
Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew,
Ivanka Prichard, & Megan S. C. Lim. (2018). “I aspire to look and feel healthy like the
posts convey”: engagement with fitness inspiration on social media and perceptions of its
influence on health and wellbeing. BMC Public Health, Vol 18, Iss 1, Pp 1-11 (2018), (1),
1. https://doi-org.libproxy.chapman.edu/10.1186/s12889-018-5930-7
One of the 3 articles I located using the Chapman Library database was I aspire to look and feel
healthy like the post convey : engagement with fitness inspiration on social media and
perceptions of its influence on health and wellbeing. This article I used previously had no
problem passing the CRAAP test at all. It was published this year in 2018, and has great
currency. The article has not been revised in any sort and provides current information to
back its’ recent age. The article is very relevant to the topic I am researching. It talks about
how people are willing to look the part of being a healthy person to gain likes on social
media but in the end are not happy which has a effect and health and wellbeing. I have
been a victim of this my self, as I once posed a picture where I looked happy but really
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was not. I wanted to give the perception I was having a great time so people would talk to
me and ask me about it. It gives people a feeling of being liked and overall this is a
negative attribute social media is guilty of. Social media provides people false security
blankets.
Swansea University professor says social media should have gambling and alcohol-type
warnings; Another study has found evidence of the negative effects of internet overuse
this time on our heart rate and blood pressure. (2017). Wales Online (Cardiff, Wales).
Retrieved from http://libproxy.chapman.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/
login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edsggo&AN=edsgcl.
493839064&site=eds- live
For my second article I selected I used previously was an article written in 2017, by
Cardiff Wales. This article also had no problem passing the CRAAP test. A study was done not to
long ago and found that people who used the internet more frequent then others had increased
heart rate and blood pressure (Wales, 2017). Using social media distracts us, and keeps us from
doing productive things. It’s easy to see why people are so unhealthy while being logged onto a
computer or starting at a cellphone screen for hours. People get bored wandering around social
media, so people start eating excessively which creates bad habits and also all this time spent on
social media takes away from being active. Overall this article matches what my research
question is based around.
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Week 6
Alley, S., Wellens, P., Schoeppe, S., de Vries, H., Rebar, A. L., Short, C. E., … Vandelanotte, C.
(2017). Impact of increasing social media use on sitting time and body mass index.
Health Promotion Journal of Australia: Official Journal of Australian Association of
Health Promotion Professionals, (2), 91. Retrieved from http://libproxy.chapman.edu/
login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edsihc&AN=edsihc.004632367878754&site=eds-live
For my third article using the data base I found an article that correlates directly between
the body mass index and using social media. This article had no issues passing the CRAAP test
and had a lot of graphs and numbers to back up its claims. It talked about the direct use of using
social media for an amount of time could relate to certain health issues and create unhealthy
habits. Using social media contributes to a high amount of time of sitting down which can cause
some one to be lazy. “ Participants with high social media use engaged in 51% (an additional 42
min) more computer sitting and 19% (an additional 18 min ) more non-workday sitting each day
compared with those with no social media use. This increase in sitting time may be large enough
to negatively affect health” (Alley S, 2017). Overall this article had great information and had a
lot of authorities to back up its claims.
Brown, J. (2018, January 05). Future – Is social media bad for you? The evidence and the
unknowns. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20180104-is-social-mediabad-for-you-the-evidence-and-the-unknowns
For my fourth article I went ahead and searched on google “the affects of social media”
and I was prompted over 187,000,000 results so I knew I picked a good research question
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without a doubt. The second article I was handed was from BBC so I knew I would be given a
credible source and the article I chose had no issues passing the CRAAP test. The article goes
into detail about how social media makes people more anxious and can cause depressions in
some cases. “A study published in the journal Computers and Human Behavior found that people
who report using seven or more social media platforms were more than three times as likely as
people using 0-2 platforms to have high levels of general anxiety symptoms”(Brown J,
2018). This was a great article and helped fill what I was looking for.
Walton, A. G. (2017, October 03). 6 Ways Social Media Affects Our Mental Health. Retrieved f
rom https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2017/06/30/a-run-down-of-socialmedias-effects-on-our-mental-health/#3ac0d4412e5a
For my fifth article I selected the “6 ways social media affects our mental health”, and
that was posted on forbes which is high accredited news source. This article had no issues
passing the CRAAP test and I found the article to be very informational and educational. The
article had research to back up its points and stated “it may be plausible to speak
specifically of ‘Facebook Addiction Disorder’…because addiction criteria, such as
neglect of personal life, mental preoccupation, escapism, mood modifying
experiences, tolerance and concealing the addictive behavior, appear to be present in
some people who use [social networks] excessively” (Walton A, 2017). In conclusion this article
was well written.
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Week 6
Barr, S. (2018, October 11). Six ways social media negatively affects your mental health without
you even knowing. Retrieved from https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-andfamilies/social-media-mental-health-negative-effects-depression-anxiety-addictionmemory-a8307196.html
For my last article I picked another one that described 6 ways we are affected. The article
had no problem passing the CRAAP test and quoted everything from doctors from universities or
ones who have done studies. The article gets deep about talking about how sleep is affected.
“Getting worked up with anxiety or envy from what we see on social media keeps the brain on
high alert, preventing us from falling asleep, explained Dr Bono.
Plus, the light from our mobile device just inches from our face can suppress the release of
melatonin, a hormone that helps us feel tired” (Barr S, 2018). In conclusion the article was well
written and had a citation for ever piece of info used.
References
Michelle Raggatt, Cassandra J. C. Wright, Elise Carrotte, Rebecca Jenkinson, Kate Mulgrew,
Ivanka Prichard, & Megan S. C. Lim. (2018). “I aspire to look and feel healthy like the
posts convey”: engagement with fitness inspiration on social media and perceptions of its
influence on health and wellbeing. BMC Public Health, Vol 18, Iss 1, Pp 1-11 (2018), (1),
1. https://doi-org.libproxy.chapman.edu/10.1186/s12889-018-5930-7
7
Week 6
Howard, L. (2018). Social media “negatively affects adolescent girls more than boys.” The
Herald (Glasgow, Scotland). Retrieved from http://libproxy.chapman.edu/login?url=http://
search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edsgin&AN=edsgcl.
531524300&site=eds-live
Alley, S., Wellens, P., Schoeppe, S., de Vries, H., Rebar, A. L., Short, C. E., … Vandelanotte, C.
(2017). Impact of increasing social media use on sitting time and body mass index.
Health Promotion Journal of Australia: Official Journal of Australian Association of
Health Promotion Professionals, (2), 91. Retrieved from http://libproxy.chapman.edu/
login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
direct=true&AuthType=ip,uid&db=edsihc&AN=edsihc.004632367878754&site=eds-live
Brown, J. (2018, January 05). Future – Is social media bad for you? The evidence and the
unknowns. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20180104-is-social-mediabad-for-you-the-evidence-and-the-unknowns
Walton, A. G. (2017, October 03). 6 Ways Social Media Affects Our Mental Health. Retrieved f
rom https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2017/06/30/a-run-down-of-socialmedias-effects-on-our-mental-health/#3ac0d4412e5a
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Week 6
Barr, S. (2018, October 11). Six ways social media negatively affects your mental health without
you even knowing. Retrieved from https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/health-andfamilies/social-media-mental-health-negative-effects-depression-anxiety-addictionmemory-a8307196.html
9

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