Chapters 2 & 3

Read Chapters 2 & 3.  Answer the following questions:

1.  Define impairment, health assessment, atypical and observations.

2.  How do early childhood programs make a contribution to children’s well-being?

3.  List ten (10) sources for gathering information about children’s health.

4.  Why should conclusions drawn from teacher observations be made with caution?

5.  How are daily health checks valuable to teachers?

6.  Where should a health check be done?  How should a teacher perform the health check?

7.  What are Mongolian spots?

8.  Define symptoms, anecdotal, and diagnosis.

9.  How should health observations be recorded?  Be specific.

10.  What rights do parents have concerning their child’s health records?

11.  List several advantages to monitoring a child’s health status.

12.  How can the family be involved in daily health checks?

13.  List eight (8) free or low-cost health services for young children.

Chapter 3:

1.  List three (3) yields of health information collected in an objective manner and from a combination of screening procedures.

2.  List eight (8) purposes for information from health records.

3.  Define intervention.

4.  How/why/when should health information of a child be shared?

5.  What information can be gathered through health history questionnaires?

6.  Define skeletal and neurological.

7.  What is the purpose of screening tests?

8.  What is the most reliable indicator of a child’s general health and nutritional status?

9.  Define BMI, underweight, overweight and obese.

10.  Define ophthalmologist and optometrist.

11.  List four (4) items to check for in children’s eyes.

12.  List and define four (4) common vision disorders in young children.

13.  Why does hearing loss have a profound effect on children?

14.  What are the first indications that a child is not hearing properly?

15.  Define  audiologist.

16.  List and define the three (3) most common types of hearing loss.

17.  Define speech and misarticulations.

18.  List eight (8) delayed language or abnormal speech patterns that should be evaluated.

19.  Define pallor and lethargy.

20.  Define mottling and skinfold.

21.  List and explain four (4) methods of assessing children’s nutritional status.

22.  What causes malnutrition?

23.  List four (4) target areas for maximum weight management success.

24.  What is the purpose of a referral?  Who is involved in the referral process?


Health, Safety, and Nutrition for the Young Child
Lynn R. Marotz 


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