Depression is a diagnosable and treatable medical condition, not a natural component of the aging process. Depression is a severe mood disorder. It can have an impact on how you feel, act, and think. Several clinical symptoms and signs characterized depression. The frequency, severity, and duration of clinical symptoms may vary among the older adults. These symptoms affect both physical and mental function. The prevalence of depression among the elderly ranges from 12% to 17%. (Manber et al., 2016). There is evidence that the incidence of depressive symptoms rises with age, especially in women, and it appears to be more prevalent in nursing facilities, where it can approach 35%. (Papadimitriou et al., 2013). Many studies have revealed that the prevalence of depression in the elderly ranges from 13 to 40% for people who attend hospital outpatient departments and live at home, 10% to 45 percent for those hospitalized in medical units, and 30% to 44% for those who get healthcare at closed structure care (Alefantinou et al., 2016). Depressive symptoms are more frequent in women and appear at a younger age at double the incidence as in males.

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